Tuesday, April 29, 2008

Tuesday, April 15, 2008

How to become Radio Amateur Station in Malaysia

To operate an amateur radio station, the operator must hold the ASAA (Amateur Station Apparatus Assignment) issued by the MCMC. Application can be applied from any MCMC regional offices. A callsign will be issued to the successful applicant according to their AROC class. The ASAA authorized the holder to participate and operate an amateur radio station.
There are 3 types of ASAA under Amateur Radio category.
a) Amateur Station Apparatus Assignment (Class A);
b) Amateur Station Apparatus Assignment (Class B); and
c) Amateur Repeater Station
To apply for an ASAA the applicant has to fill in the following forms.
a) Application for Apparatus Assignment(s) (Amateur Service) form for ASAA (Class A & B); or
b) Application for Apparatus Assignment(s) (Mobile Service) form for Amateur Repeater Station.
The validity period for ASAA is between three months to five years.


Eligibility for ASAA Application

To be eligible for ASAA application, applicant must meet the following conditions.
a) Over 14 years of age for ASAA Class B and 18 years and above for ASAA Class A. Applicants under 21 years will be required to present consent from their parent, guardian or any other approved person who shall be responsible for the observance of the conditions of the applicants to countersigned their application.
b) A Malaysian citizens or citizens of countries who have a reciprocal arrangement with our country.
c) Hold an AROC Class A or B or in lieu, a copy of Examination results issued by the MCMC.

The Examination
There are two types of examination pertaining to amateur radio: a) Radio Amateur Examination (RAE); and b) Morse Codes Test (CW Test).
Both examinations are conducted by the MCMC.

Radio Amateur Examination (RAE)
The RAE is a written examination on the following topics:
a) The fundamental theory of electricity, electronics and radiocommunications;
b) The theory and operation of any amateur radio equipment including the antenna systems, transmission lines, transistors, amplitude and frequency modulation and single sideband techniques;
c) The regulations made under the Act which is applicable to the establishment and operation of a station performing an amateur experimental service; and
d) The ITU Radio Regulations applicable to the operation of a station performing an amateur experimental service and those provisions relating to the operation of stations generally.

The RAE comprises 100 objective questions. Candidates are given three hours to answer all questions. No marks are deducted for a wrong answer.


Morse Codes Test

The Morse Code (CW) test is a practical test that measure skill of the following proficiencies;
a) An ability to send message correctly on a radiotelegraph key, semi-automatic key or an electronic hand key for three consecutive minutes at a speed of not less than 12 words per minute in plain language, including figures, punctuation marks, —Q“ signals and emergency signals in the international Morse Codes; and
b) An ability to receive message correctly by ear and write legibly or type for not less than three consecutive minutes at a speed of not less than 12 words a minute in plain language including figures, punctuation marks, —Q“ signals and emergency signals in the international Morse Codes.


In CW sending tests, applicant must be able to send 36 words (averaging five letters per word) in plain language within three minutes or equivalent to a speed of 12 words per minute without uncorrected error. A maximum of four errors as well as four corrections are allowed. In sending figures, 10 five-figure groups are to be sent in 1.5 minutes without uncorrected error. A maximum of two corrections are allowed.
In CW receiving tests, applicant is required to receive 36 words (averaging five letters per word) in plain language in three minutes, and 10 five-figure groups in 1.5 minutes. Each letter or figure incorrectly received counts as one error. A word in which more than one letter is incorrectly received counts as two errors. A maximum of four errors in plain language and a maximum of two errors in the figure test are allowed.


How to Apply for the Examination
The examination will be held from time to time. The actual date and venue for the examination will be specified by the MCMC. The notice or announcement will be made through a public notice in the local press and electronics media available. The notice will detail the terms and conditions, application procedures, payment mode and other related matters pertaining to the examination.

Examination fee
The fee for the examinations are as followed.
Radio Amateur Examination (RAE)
RM 50.00
Morse Code Test
RM 50.00

The examination fee is not refundable to any candidates who withdraw from or fail to attend the examination. The fee cannot be transferred from one examination to another at a later date or from one candidate to another.
Minimum Age Requirement for the Examination
The minimum age limit for candidate to sit is 14 years for the RAE and 18 years for CW. This is due to take into consideration of the responsibility required to operate a higher power transmission and privileges accorded to a Class A amateur station operator.

Reference from Guideline Amateur Radio Service Malaysia


Map Ke Mesyuarat Tahunan Astra Wilayah Tengah di Batu 3 Shah Alam














Jika Anda datang dari arah Faderal Highway ,perhatikan Simpang kecil selepas Jejantas , sebelum Masjid Batu 3 Shah Alam.
Jika Anda datang dari arah Bulatan JVC, sila buat "U Turn" selepas Jejantas.
Dah jumpa Simpang tu tak reti2 lagi masuk he..he..he..

Standby di frequency RBC 147.750 - 6.00 tone 103.5 9W2CYB dikawal oleh Pak Yus atau di V44 145.550 9W2LKB di kawal oleh Pak Zamri atu V20 145.250 (Desaku) dikawal oleh 9W2BDZ Pak Fadzlee / 9W2TDO Pak Khalil

Q Codes For Amateur

Amateur radio
Selected Q codes were soon adopted by amateur radio operators. In December, 1915 the American Radio Relay League began publication of a magazine titled QST, named after the Q code for "General call to all stations". In amateur radio, the Q codes were originally used in Morse Code transmissions to shorten lengthy phrases and were followed by a Morse code question mark (– – ––– ––– – – ) if the phrase was a question. In voice communications, the Q code is commonly used as shorthand nouns, verbs and adjectives making up phrases. For example, an amateur radio operator will complain about QRM (man-made interference), or tell another operator that there is "QSB on the signal"; "to QSY" is to change your operating frequency.

The following table gives the most common Q codes used in amateur radio:

Q Codes Commonly Used by Radio Amateurs

Code Meaning Sample use

QRG Exact frequency HE TX ON QRG 14205 kHz
QRI Tone (T in the RST code) UR QRI IS 9
QRK Intelligibility (R in the RST code) UR QRK IS 5
QRL This frequency is busy. Used almost exclusively with Morse code,
usually before transmitting on a new frequency
QRM Man-made interference ANOTHER QSO UP 2 kHz CAUSING LOT OF QRM
QRN Natural interference, e.g. static crashes BAND NOISY TODAY LOT OF QRN
QRO Increase power NEED QRO WHEN PROP POOR
QRP decrease power QRP TO 5 W
QRQ Send faster TIME SHORT PSE QRQ
QRR temporarily unavailable/away, please wait
WILL BE QRR 30 MIN = THAT STN IS QRR NW
QRRR Distress Distress call recommended by ARRL
QRS Send slower PSE QRS NEW TO CW
QRT Stop sending ENJOYED TALKING 2 U = MUST QRT FER DINNER NW
QRU Have you anything for me? QRU? ABOUT TO QRT
QRV I am ready WL U BE QRV IN UPCOMING CONTEST?
QRX will call you again QRX @ 1500H
QRZ You are being called by ________. QRZ? UR VY WEAK
(Only someone who has previously called should reply)
QSA Signal strength UR QSA IS 5
QSB Fading of signal THERE IS QSB ON UR SIG
QSD Your keying is defective QSD CK YR TX
QSK Break-in I CAN HR U DURING MY SIGS PSE QSK
QSL I Acknowledge receipt QSL UR LAST TX = PSE QSL VIA BURO
(i.e. please send me a card confirming this contact).
QSM Repeat last message QRM DROWNED UR LAST MSG OUT = PSE QSM
QSN I heard you QSN YESTERDAY ON 7005 kHz
QSO A conversation TNX QSO 73
QSP Relay PSE QSP THIS MSG TO MY FRIEND
QST General call to all stations QST: QRG ALLOCS HV CHGD
QSX I am listening on ... frequency QSX 14200 TO 14210 kHz
QSY Shift to transmit on ... LETS QSY UP 5 kHz
QTA Disregard last message QTA, DID NOT MEAN THAT
QTC Traffic STN WID EMRG QTC PSE GA
QTH Location QTH IS SOUTH PARK CO
QTR Exact time QTR IS 2000 Z

Monday, April 14, 2008

Jawatan Kuasa Pengurusan Astra 2008 ~ 2009

Presiden ABD RAHIM B ABD RAHMAN - 9M2RR
Naib Presiden 1 SAAIDIN B AHMAD - 9W2ZT
Naib Presiden 2 AMIR B HASSAN - 9W2BB
Setiausaha Kehormat ZULLKIFFELY B DARUS - 9W2TQ
Pen Setiausaha Kehormat MOHD NOR AZLAN B UJANG - 9W2AU
Bendahari Kehormat MOHAMMAD ZUBER B HUSSAIN - 9W2MZH
Ahli Jawatankuasa IBRAHIM B SABRAN - 9W2IBS
ABDUL MUNIR BIN SALLEH - 9W2ER
AHMAD NIZAM BIN DARUS- 9W2WP
ZAINAL ABIDIN B JAAFAR - 9W2ZAJ
ARIFF BIN KARIM - 9W2VC



Juru Audit 2008-2009


Juru Audit Shafiee bin Omar - 9M2SO
Abdul Aziz bin Emby - 9W2AZE

Keahlian Astra

Syarat Menjadi Ahli Astra:
Berumur 18 tahun ke atas
Warganegara Malaysia [lelaki dan perempuan]
Orang Melayu atau Warganegara Malaysia yang beragama Islam

Jenis Keahlian, Bayaran Masuk dan Yuran Tahunan

Ahli Biasa [Pemancar] Memiliki Lesen
Bayaran masuk RM 20.00
Yuran tahunan RM 30.00
Ahli Biasa Seumur Hidup [Pemancar] Memiliki Lesen
Bayaran masuk RM 20.00
Yuran seumur hidup RM 250.00
Ahli Bersekutu [SWL] Tiada Lesen
Bayaran masuk RM 20.00
Yuran tahunan RM 15.00

Ahli Muda - Bayaran Masuk dan Yuran Tahunan

Berumur 15 hingga 18 tahun
Warganegara Malaysia [lelaki dan perempuan]
Orang Melayu atau Warganegara Malaysia yang beragama Islam

Ahli Biasa [Pemancar] Memiliki Lesen
Bayaran masuk RM 10.00
Yuran tahunan RM 30.00
Ahli Biasa Seumur Hidup [Pemancar] Memiliki Lesen
Bayaran masuk RM 10.00
Yuran seumur hidup RM 250.00
Ahli Bersekutu [SWL] Tiada Lesen
Bayaran masuk RM 10.00
Yuran tahunan RM 10.00

Semua bayaran diatas hendaklah ditambah RM5.00 bagi mendapatkan kad keahlian ASTRA yang akan di poskan terus ke alamat seperti yang tertera didalam borang permohonan anda

Bank-in jumlah bayaran seperti yang ditetapkan
di mana-mana Cawangan CIMB BANK BERHAD
atas nama PERSATUAN RADIO AMATOR MELAYU UTARA SEMENANJUNG MALAYSIA
No. Akaun: 0709-0062420-52-5

Salinan Pay-in-Slip dan Borang Permohonan Menjadi Ahli YANG TELAH DIPENUHI
beserta 3 keping gambar ukuran gambar paspot hendaklah diposkan kepada:

Pos Biasa

MOHAMMAD ZUBER B HUSSAIN(9W2MZH)
Bendahari Kehormat Astra
Peti Surat 52,
11700 Gelugor,
Pulau Pinang

Pos Laju @ Express
MOHAMMAD ZUBER B HUSSAIN (9W2MZH)
333,Lrg 7,
Taman Bandar Baru PKNK,
08000 Sg. Petani,
Kedah Darul Aman


Peringatan:
Dibelakang salinan Pay-in-Slip, hendaklah ditulis nama, callsign (jika ada), nombor kad pengenalan serta nombor telefon.

Perlu Diingatkan:
Fasal 5.2 - Tiap-tiap permohonan menjadi ahli hendaklah dicadang dan disokong oleh dua orang ahli ......... Jawatankuasa boleh mengikut budibicaranya menolak sebarang permohonan tanpa memberi sebab-sebabnya.
Borang boleh dapatkan di link :
http://www.astra.org.my/docs/borang_astra.pdf

Saturday, April 12, 2008

Mesyuarat Tahunan JawatanKuasa dan Ahli-Ahli Astra Kawasan Negeri Selangor & Wilayah Persekutuan

Satu Mesyuarat Tahunan akan diadakan oleh Astra Kawasan Negeri Selangor & Wilayah Persekutuan. Keterangan mengenai Mesyuarat Tahunan tersebut adalah seperti berikut:

Tarikh: 30 April 2008 (Rabu)
Masa: 8.30 malam
Tempat: Dewan JKKK Batu 3 Shah Alam
(Bersebelahan dengan Rejab Tom Yam)

Tujuan utama Mesyuarat Tahunan ini di adakan adalah untuk melantik Biro-Biro baru serta mencalonkan nama-nama untuk Pengerusi baru bagi Astra kawasan tengah yang akan diketengahkan kepada Majlis Tertinggi Astra untuk pemilihan. Selain itu terdapat beberapa isu berbangkit juga akan dibentangkan semasa Mesyuarat Tahunan tersebut.

Diharap ahli-ahli Astra di kawasan tengah dapat hadir untuk memeriahkan lagi Mesyuarat Tahunan pada malam itu.


Selamat Datang

Selamat datang ke blog rasmi Astra Kawasan Negeri Selangor dan Wilayah Persekutuan. Di sini, ahli-ahli Astra di kawasan Lembah Klang dapat mengikuti perkembangan aktiviti-aktiviti yang dilakukan. Di samping itu, diharap blog ini juga mampu mengeratkan lagi tali persahabatan di antara rakan-rakan radio amatur yang lain.

ASTRA (Persatuan Radio Amatur Melayu Utara Semenanjung Malaysia) telah ditubuhkan pada 2 Ogos 1997. Sehingga kini keahlian Astra telah menjangkau ke lebih kurang 1400 orang. Tujuan Astra ditubuhkan termasuklah:

  1. Meningkatkan pengetahuan sains dan amalan komunikasi radio amatur bagi menggalakkan pertukaran maklumat sesama ahli, mengadakan latihan serta memajukan pengetahuan tentang aspek dan tujuan bidang komunikasi secara amatur sebagai teknologi dan kemajuan masa kini dan masa hadapan.

  2. Memupuk semangat perpaduan di samping menanam tatacara hidup berdikari sambil mengenali prinsip hidup berdisplin di kalangan ahli-ahli serta menggalakkan minat orang ramai khasnya golongan remaja dalam bidang sains radio amatur.

  3. Memberi khidmat bakti kepada masyarakat sekeliling dalam kerja-kerja alam luar kemasyarakatan dan perkhidmatan kebajikan, aktiviti sosial dan lain-lain aktiviti yang berfaedah dalam bidang sains radio amatur serta membantu pihak yang berkuasa dalam kerja-kerja kebajikan khasnya semasa berlaku bencana alam seperti bangunan runtuh, kemalangan jalanraya, kemalangan di laut, tanah runtuh, banjir dan sebagainya. Juga bantuan komunikasi kepada agensi kerajaan seperti sekolah, institusi pengajian tinggi, Jabatan Bomba & Penyelamat Malaysia serta yang lain-lain.

  4. Menyediakan kemudahan komunikasi untuk ahli-ahli dan ahli radio amatur khususnya di seluruh Semenanjung Malaysia, dengan menyediakan stesyen-stesyen komunikasi (repeater) di lokasi-lokasi tertentu yang sesuai dengan kemajuan teknologi komunikasi terkini, dan menepati Wawasan 2020 yang menyarankan orang-orang Melayu bersedia serta mampu bersaing dalam era teknologi komunikasi yang bertambah canggih pada abad-21.

  5. Merupakan satu badan yang memberi latihan tentang komunikasi serta menjalankan pemancaran dan penerimaan siaran mengikut Akta yang dibenarkan oleh Kerajaan Malaysia.

Kod Etika Ahli Radio Amator

Penafian: Pihak Astra Wilayah Tengah tidak akan bertanggungjawab atas sebarang kerosakkan atau kehilangan yang dialami disebabkan oleh pengguna-pengguna yang melawat laman blog ini. Semua maklumat yang dipaparkan tidak mengambarkan pendirian ASTRA Pusat dan tidak menganggu mana-mana pihak. Semua maklumat adalah benar melainkan yang tidak benar sahaja.

Hakcipta Terpelihara © 2011 Astra Wilayah Tengah.

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